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HENRI CARTIER-BRESSON

“To take a photograph is to align the head, the eye and the heart. It’s a way of life.”

Nacido en Chanteloup, Seine-et-Marne, Henri Cartier-Bresson desarrolla tempranamente una fuerte fascinación por la pintura, y particularmente por el Surrealismo. En 1932, tras pasar un año en Costa de Marfil, descubre la Leica – la cámara que elegiría desde entonces – y comienza su pasión por la fotografía. En 1933 presenta su primera exposición en la Julien Levy Gallery de Nueva York. Más tarde realizaría películas con Jean Renoir.

En 1940 es tomado como prisionero de guerra, escapando a su tercer intento en 1943, y se une a una organización clandestina para ayudar a prisioneros y escapados. En 1945 fotografía la liberación de Paris con un grupo de periodistas profesionales y rueda el documental Le Retour (El Regreso).

En 1947, con Robert Capa, George Rodger, David ‘Chim’ Seymour y William Vandivert, funda Magnum Photos. Tras tres años viajando por el Este, en 1952 regresa a Europa, donde publica su primer libro, Images à la Sauvette (publicado en inglés como The Decisive Moment).

Cartier-Bresson explicó su acercamiento a la fotografía en los siguientes términos: ‘”El aparato fotográfico es para mi un cuaderno de croquis, el instrumento de la intuición y de la espontaneidad, el maestro del instante que, en términos visuales, cuestiona y decide al mismo tiempo. Para significar el mundo, es preciso sentirse implicado con lo que se recorta a través del visor. Esta actitud exige concentración, sensibilidad, un sentido de la geometría. Es a través de una economía de medios y sobre todo el olvido de uno mismo como se llega a la simplicidad de la expresión.”

A partir de 1968 comienza a abandonar su actividad fotográfica, prefiriendo concentrarse en el dibujo y la pintura. En 2003, junto a su mujer y su hija, crea la Fundación Henri Cartier-Bresson en Paris para la preservación de su trabajo. Cartier-Bresson recibió un número extraordinario de premios y doctorados honoríficos. Murió en su casa de la Provenza el 3 de agosto de 2004, a pocas semanas de su 96 cumpleaños.

Born in Chanteloup, Seine-et-Marne, Henri Cartier-Bresson developed a strong fascination with painting early on, and particularly with Surrealism. In 1932, after spending a year in the Ivory Coast, he discovered the Leica – his camera of choice thereafter – and began a life-long passion for photography. In 1933 he had his first exhibition at the Julien Levy Gallery in New York. He later made films with Jean Renoir.

Taken prisoner of war in 1940, he escaped on his third attempt in 1943 and subsequently joined an underground organization to assist prisoners and escapees. In 1945 he photographed the liberation of Paris with a group of professional journalists and then filmed the documentary Le Retour (The Return).

In 1947, with Robert Capa, George Rodger, David ‘Chim’ Seymour and William Vandivert, he founded Magnum Photos. After three years spent travelling in the East, in 1952 he returned to Europe, where he published his first book, Images à la Sauvette (published in English as The Decisive Moment).

He explained his approach to photography in these terms, ‘”For me the camera is a sketch book, an instrument of intuition and spontaneity, the master of the instant which, in visual terms, questions and decides simultaneously. It is by economy of means that one arrives at simplicity of expression.”

From 1968 he began to curtail his photographic activities, preferring to concentrate on drawing and painting. In 2003, with his wife and daughter, he created the Fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson in Paris for the preservation of his work. Cartier-Bresson received an extraordinary number of prizes, awards and honorary doctorates. He died at his home in Provence on 3 August 2004, a few weeks short of his 96th birthday.

Books

1947. The Photographs of Henri Cartier-Bresson. Text by Lincoln Kirstein, Museum of Modern Art, New York.

1952. The Decisive Moment. Texts and photographs by Henri Cartier-Bresson. Cover by Henri Matisse. Simon & Schuster, New York. French edition

1954. Les Danses à Bali. Texts by Antonin Artaud on Balinese theater and commentary by Béryl de Zoete Delpire, Paris. German edition

1955. The Europeans. Text and photographs by Henri Cartier-Bresson. Cover by Joan Miro. Simon & Schuster, New York. French edition

People of Moscow. Thames and Hudson, London. French, German and Italian editions

1956. China in Transition. Thames and Hudson, London. French, German and Italian editions

1958. Henri Cartier-Bresson : Fotografie. Text by Anna Farova. Statni nakladatelstvi krasné, Prague and Bratislava.

1963. Photographs by Henri Cartier-Bresson. Grossman Publisher, New York. French, English, Japanese and Swiss editions

1964. China. Photographs and notes on fifteen months spent in China. Text by Barbara Miller . Bantam Books, New York. French edition

1968. The World of HCB. Viking Press, New York. French, German and Swiss editions

1969. Man and Machine. commissioned by IBM. French, German, Italian and Spanish editions

1970. France. Text by François Nourissier. Thames and Hudson, London. French and German editions

1972. The Face of Asia. Introduction by Robert Shaplen. Published by John Weatherhill (New York and Tokyo) and Orientations Ltd. (Hong Kong). French edition

1973. About Russia. Thames and Hudson, London. French, German and Swiss editions

1976. Henri Cartier-Bresson. Texts by Henri Cartier-Bresson. History of Photography Series. History of Photography Series. French, German, Italian, Japanese and Italian editions

1979. Henri Cartier-Bresson Photographer. Text by Yves Bonnefoy. Bulfinch, New York. French, English, German, Japanese and Italian editions

1983. Henri Cartier-Bresson. Ritratti. Texts by André Pieyre de Mandiargues and Ferdinando Scianna. Coll. ” I Grandi Fotografi “. Gruppo Editoriale Fabbri, Milan. English and Spanish editions

1985. Henri Cartier-Bresson en Inde. Introduction de Satyajit Ray, photographies et notes d’Henri Cartier-Bresson. Texte d’Yves Véquaud. Centre National de la Photographie, Paris. Editions anglaise

Photoportraits. Texts by André Pieyre de Mandiargues. Thames and Hudson, London . French and German editions

1987. Henri Cartier-Bresson. The Early Work. Texts by Peter Galassi. Museum of Modern Art, New York. French edition

Henri Cartier-Bresson in India. Introduction by Satyajit Ray, photographs and notes by Henri Cartier-Bresson, texts by Yves Véquaud. Thames and Hudson, London . French edition

1989. L’Autre Chine. Introduction by Robert Guillain. Collection Photo Notes. Centre National de la Photographie, Paris

Line by Line. Henri Cartier-Bresson’s drawings. Introduction by Jean Clair and John Russell. Thames and Hudson, London. French and German editions

1991. . America in Passing. Introduction by Gilles Mora. Bulfinch, New York. French, English, German, Italian, Portuguese and Danish editions

Alberto Giacometti photographié par Henri Cartier-Bresson. Texts by Henri Cartier-Bresson and Louis Clayeux. Franco Sciardelli, Milan

1994. A propos de Paris. Texts by Véra Feyder and André Pieyre de Mandiargues. Thames and Hudson, London . French, German and Japanese editions

Double regard. Drawings and photographs. Texts by Jean Leymarie. Amiens : Le Nyctalope. French and English editions

Mexican Notebooks 1934-1964. Text by Carlos Fuentes. Thames and Hudson, London. French, Italian, and German editions

L’Art sans art. Texte de Jean-Pierre Montier. Editions Flammarion, Paris. Editions allemande, anglaise et italienne

1996. L’Imaginaire d’après nature. Textes de Henri Cartier-Bresson. Fata Morgana, Paris. Editions allemande et américaine

1997. Europeans. Texts by Jean Clair. Thames and Hudson, London. French, German, Italian and Portuguese editions

1998. Tête à tête. texts by Ernst H.Gombrich. Thames & Hudson, London. French,German, Italian and Portuguese editions

1999. The Mind’s eye. Texts by Henri Cartier-Bresson. Aperture, New York. French and German editions

2001. Landscape Townscape. Texts by Erik Orsenna and Gérard Macé. Thames and Hudson, London. French, German and Italian editions

2003. The man the image and the world Texts by Philippe Arbaizar, Jean Clair, Claude Cookman, Robert Delpire, Jean Leymarie, Jean-Noel Jeanneney, Serge Toubiana. Thames and Hudson, London 2003. German, French, Korean, Italian and Spanish editions.

2004. Cartier-Bresson, au crayon. Buchet-Chastel

2007. L’art sans art. Text by Jean-Pierre Montier. Editions Flammarion, Paris.

2008. Henri Cartier-Bresson et Le Monde. Text by Michel Guerrin. Editions Gallimard, Paris.


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Fundación Henri Cartier-Bresson

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  1. Hazael

    – I would say that it is a matter of sedcnos but who is to say that one second is better then the rest. Yes Cartier nailed many amazing moments, but maybe he missed the really great ones that happen right after the kiss. I think the challenge to creativity is making the most of your sedcnos.JoeyMarch 8, 2010 3:53 am

    11 ago, 2012 @ 20:18